By Ms. Sarah Iles Johnston
Spiritual ideals and practices, which permeated all points of lifestyles in antiquity, traveled well-worn routes during the Mediterranean: itinerant charismatic practitioners visiting from position to put peddled their abilities as healers, purifiers, cursers, and initiators; and vessels adorned with illustrations of myths traveled with them. New gods encountered in overseas lands through retailers and conquerors have been occasionally taken domestic to be tailored and followed. This choice of essays via a individual overseas team of students, drawn from the groundbreaking reference paintings faith within the historic international, deals an expansive, comparative viewpoint in this complicated non secular global.
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Extra info for Ancient Religions
Braudel, Fernand. Les mémoires de la Méditerranée: Préhistoire et antiquité. Paris: Fallois, 1998. English translation: Memory and the Mediterranean. Tr. Siân Reynolds. New York: Knopf, 2001. Burkert, Walter. ” In Der Religionswandel unserer Zeit im Spiegel der Religionswissenschaft, ed. Günther Stephenson. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1976. Cauvin, Jacques. Naissance de divinités, naissance de l’agriculture: La révolution des symboles au néolithique. Paris: CNRS, 1998. English translation: The Birth of the Gods and the Origins of Agriculture.
The creation epic, the Enuma Elish, ends with a hymn to the chief god, Marduk, calling him by ﬁfty names. The gods who are subordinated to Marduk become his names, aspects of his all-encompassing essence. Another text assembles a group of major deities, identifying them with roles of Marduk: Ninirta is Marduk of the hoe, Nergal is Marduk of the attack, Zababa is Marduk of the hand-to-hand ﬁght, Enlil is Marduk of lordship and counsel, Nabium is Marduk of accounting, Sin is Marduk, the illuminator of the night, Shamash is Marduk of justice, Adad is Marduk of rains.
English translation: Memory and the Mediterranean. Tr. Siân Reynolds. New York: Knopf, 2001. Burkert, Walter. ” In Der Religionswandel unserer Zeit im Spiegel der Religionswissenschaft, ed. Günther Stephenson. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1976. Cauvin, Jacques. Naissance de divinités, naissance de l’agriculture: La révolution des symboles au néolithique. Paris: CNRS, 1998. English translation: The Birth of the Gods and the Origins of Agriculture. Tr. Trevor Watkins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Ancient Religions by Ms. Sarah Iles Johnston