By H. Endo, H. Endo, R. Frey
This e-book provides chosen works of latest evolutionary morphologists and contains such themes as wide scale reconstructions of the mind and ear of dinosaurs, inference of locomotor conduct from cancellous bone structure in fossil primates, and a comparability of the independently developed manipulating apparatuses within the lesser and sizeable pandas. perception is supplied into the applying of recent noninvasive applied sciences, together with electronic imaging innovations and digital 3D reconstruction, to the research of complicated anatomical good points and coherences. together with conventional tools, this permits for the formula of better hypotheses on coordinated functionality and evolution. The production of digital translucent specimens makes it attainable to achieve the age-old dream of the classical anatomists: searching through the outside into the internal association of an organism. On complete show this is the dramatic and promising impression that glossy imaging suggestions have on clinical development in evolutionary morphology.
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Additional info for Anatomical Imaging: Towards a New Morphology
Medial view. E, epiglottis; A, Plica aryepiglottica; Ca, Cartilago arytenoidea (covered by mucosa); P, pad; Ve, Plica vestibularis; Vo, Plica vocalis (see Color Plates, Fig. 1). 2. Felid Vocal Tract and a large amount of glycosamino-glycans. Glycosamino-glycaus contribute to the maintenance of an optimal tissue viscosity and stiffness that is important in oscillating systems. The pads are located within the dorsal part of the vocal folds close to the ventral border of the arytenoid cartilages. Contrary to Hast (1986), who stated that in the larynx of the snow leopard a pad of ﬁbroelastic ﬁ tissue is missing, the occurrence of a pad could be veriﬁed ﬁ in two of three snow leopards examined in the present study.
Sexually dimorphic larynx size is also revealed by computed 3D reconstructions of skeletal elements in the head and neck region (Fig. 3). g. an exceptionally large epiglottis, a broad ventral keel of the thyroid cartilage, a paired lateral laryngeal ventricle and a voluminous vocal fold supported by a tough, cymbal-shaped ﬁbroelastic pad. The laryngeal cartilages, including the epiglottis, can be analysed in virtual 3D reconstructions based upon serial computed tomographic scans. By contrast to the typically-sized, small epiglottis of the female, the exceptionally large size of the epiglottis in male Mongolian gazelles may result from the mobility of their larynx that has evolved in the context of acoustic display.
3), it is assumed that a ‘descensus’ of the larynx and an accompanying rotation of the tympanohyoid occur during postnatal development of the mentioned species. In the Pantherinae, the stylohyoid is a slender, rodshaped, slightly bent bone and its ventral end points caudally. In Felinae and the clouded leopard, the stylohyoid is oriented rostroventrally (Fig. 4). Contrary to other mammals such as artio- 2. Felid Vocal Tract 19 Fig. 3. CT image of the head and neck of a newborn tiger. B, basihyoid.
Anatomical Imaging: Towards a New Morphology by H. Endo, H. Endo, R. Frey