An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy - download pdf or read online

By Oliver Leaman

ISBN-10: 0521793432

ISBN-13: 9780521793438

ISBN-10: 0521797578

ISBN-13: 9780521797573

Even if Islamic philosophy represents probably the most very important philosophical traditions on this planet, it has in basic terms fairly lately began to obtain consciousness within the non-Islamic international. it is a re-creation of a profitable introductory e-book, accelerated and up to date to take account of modern scholarship. It specializes in what's considered as Islamic philosophy's golden age, and should attract scholars and to any common reader attracted to this philosophical culture.

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The philosopher connects with the Active Intellect using his intellect alone, while the prophet uses his imagination, which is the source of revelation, inspiration and of course prophecy. Coming to knowledge through imagination means being able to express that knowledge in language which is accessible to the public at large, since he (and it is always a ‘he’ for al-F¯ar¯ab¯ı) can illustrate the nature of his message with vivid and persuasive images. Prophecy comes about through the interaction between the intellect and the imagination, and it produces in user-friendly ways the same truths available through philosophy.

The body is the vehicle of the soul on its way to the next life, and if we restrain our anger, appetite and intellect we end up with the virtues of temperance, courage, wisdom and justice. We need to aim at the mean when operating with the body, and so transform ourselves through religion to imitate God, insofar as we can do this. u¯ f¯ı if his pursuit of salvation is to be effective. As with the philosophers, there are two routes to God. u¯ f¯ı who has mastered the mystical path and who has undergone all the preparatory work which is necessary to achieve such an end.

If a possibility is actualized, its existence is necessitated by its cause. It cannot not be. Indeed, its cause itself is necessitated by another cause, and so on, but not ad infinitum, since there is a being which is necessary through itself, God, who lies at the apex of the hierarchy of causes and effects. Once the existence of God is established by proof, everything else that exists flows from him necessarily, and so has to exist. Logic for Avicenna is the main route to human perfection. The ignorant person who has no or little grasp of reasoning regards reality as a contingent flow of events.

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An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy by Oliver Leaman

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