By Peter Wagner
Confusion reigns in sociological debts of the curent of modernity. The story-lines from the 'end of the topic' to 'a new individualism', from the 'dissolution of society' to the re-emergence of 'civil society', from the 'end of modernity' to an 'other modernoity' to 'neo-modernization'. This booklet bargains a sociology of modernity in phrases of a historic account of social differences during the last centuries, concentrating on Western Europe but additionally the united states and at Soviet socialism as distinctive versions of modernity. A basic ambivalence of modernity is captured by way of the double proposal of liberty and self-discipline in its 3 significant dimensions: the relatives among person liberty and political neighborhood , betwen organisation and constitution, and among in the community located human lives and generally prolonged social associations. significant historic differences of modernity are exceptional, the 1st one starting within the overdue 19th century and resulting in a social formation that may be referred to as equipped modernity, and the second one being the person who dissolves equipped modernity. it's this present transformation which revives a few key issues of the 'modern project', rules of liberty, plurality and person autonomy. however it imperils others, in particular the production of social identities as ties among people that permit significant and socially doable improvement of person autonomy, and the potential of politics as communicative interplay and collaborative deliberation approximately what humans have in universal.
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Additional resources for A Sociology of Modernity: Liberty and Discipline
12 This approach does not entail a denial of the validity of the quest for efficiency, common wealth and truth, but it rejects prejudgements on ways of socially reaching such goals. 22 Principles of modernity Second, this view on social practices does not presuppose that it is prototypical bourgeois-humanist subjects who engage in them, but it does assume that the human being in her or his bodily existence is a highly relevant ontological unit in social analysis. The condition of human social practices as the interactions of individual human beings is the centre of interest.
To envisage a monetary and market economy, for instance, the first conceptual move is to see certain social phenomena as ‘goods’ to which monetary values, that is, descriptors in the same unit, can be attached. 26 Sociologically, however, the increasing use of this mode meant a social convention of the formalization of a certain kind of economic expression. The convention was astoundingly ‘successful’ in increasing the reach of allocative practices generally, and also in enabling individual holders of value access to a wider range of allocative exchange.
Often, the history of modernity is taken to involve a steady widening of the scope of institutions. The development of the world-market, again, is the prime example. The range of applications of a homogeneous set of social rules is steadily extending, and more and more social practices are guided by these rules. Scope and depth of inclusion increase constantly. Such a globalization of the very few characteristically modern conventions is then seen to entail the dissolution of the historical, locally specific modes of boundary-setting and of rule-making, at least with regard to key sets of social practices.
A Sociology of Modernity: Liberty and Discipline by Peter Wagner