By David Grummitt
The Wars of the Roses (c. 1450-85) are well known as an infamously savage and tangled slice of English historical past. A bloody thirty-year fight among the dynastic homes of Lancaster and York, they embraced localized vendetta (such because the sour northern feud among the Percies and Nevilles) in addition to the formal conflict of royalist and insurgent armies at St Albans, Ludford Bridge, Mortimer's go, Towton, Tewkesbury and at last Bosworth, whilst the usurping Yorkist king Richard was once beaten by way of Henry Tudor. robust personalities dominate the interval: the charismatic and enigmatic Richard III, immortalized via Shakespeare; the slippery Warwick, "the kingmaker," who ultimately over-reached ambition to be scale back on the conflict of Barnet; and guileful girls like Elizabeth Woodville and Margaret of Anjou, who for a time governed the dominion in her husband's stead. David Grummitt locations the violent occasions of this advanced time within the wider context of fifteenth-century kingship and the improvement of English political tradition. by no means wasting sight of the nerve-racking effect of struggle at the lives of these who both fought in or have been touched via conflict, this eye-catching new background will make compelling studying for college kids of the overdue medieval interval and Tudor England, in addition to for common readers.
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Additional info for A short history of the Wars of the Roses
The latter was redirected to Calais and lifted the Burgundian siege before a relief army, led by Gloucester, could arrive. Nevertheless, the various expeditionary armies achieved King Henry VI by unknown artist oil on panel, c. 1540 © National Portrait Gallery, London 14 IBT049˚— Wars of the Roses:Layout 1 14/9/12 16:20 Page 15 The Lancastrian Legacy very little: Paris was lost and the Burgundian alliance, the cornerstone of Henry V’s war policy, was no more. The king, moreover, appears to have played little role in the events following the treaty of Arras, despite his well-documented anger at Duke Philip’s treachery.
Treaty of Troyes: Charles VI of France recognises Henry V of England as heir to the French throne. Death of Henry V and Charles VI and accession of Henry’s nine-month old son, Henry VI, as king of England and France. French reconquest of Normandy after five years of truce. English defeat in Normandy, murder of the Henry VI’s leading councillor, the Duke of Suffolk, and Cade’s Rebellion against the king’s ‘evil counsellors’. Return to political prominence of Richard, Duke of York. 22 May: first Battle of St Albans.
Henry VI and the moderate lords attempt to reconcile the factions led by the Duke of York and Queen Margaret of Anjou. The First War, 1459–1464 1459 23 September: Yorkist uprising and defeat of Lancastrian forces at the Battle of Blore Heath. xxxvi IBT049˚— Wars of the Roses:Layout 1 14/9/12 16:20 Page xxxvii Timeline 1460 1461 1464 13 October: defeat of the Yorkist lords at the Battle of Ludford Bridge. York flees to Ireland, the Earls of Warwick, Salisbury and March to Calais. 20 November: the ‘Parliament of Devils’ at Coventry and the attainder of the Yorkist Lords.
A short history of the Wars of the Roses by David Grummitt