By Philip Selznick
Offering a capstone to Philip Selznick's influential physique of scholarly paintings, A Humanist Science insightfully brings to gentle the value-centered nature of the social sciences. The paintings truly demanding situations the meant separation of truth and price, and argues that human values belong to the realm of truth and are the resource of the beliefs that govern social and political associations. via demonstrating the shut connection among the social sciences and the arts, Selznick finds how the tools of the social sciences spotlight and enhance the learn of such values as health and wellbeing, prosperity, rationality, and self-government.
The ebook strikes from the animating ideas that make up the humanist culture to the values which are vital to the social sciences, interpreting the center teachings of those disciplines with recognize to the ethical concerns at stake. during the paintings, Selznick calls recognition to the stipulations that have an effect on the emergence, attention, and decline of human values, supplying a beneficial source for students and scholars of legislations, sociology, political technology, and philosophy.
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Extra info for A Humanist Science: Values and Ideals in Social Inquiry
Characterizing someone as a “good friend” says something about the relationship, without necessarily appraising it. The friend may be part of a criminal conspiracy. An appraising value judgment, on the other hand, is a conclusion that some envisaged or actual state of affairs is worthy of approval or disapproval. It is one thing to conclude on the basis of clinical tests that an organism is healthy or diseased; it is something else to welcome or deplore the fact. The clinical judgment is valuefree in the sense that personal preferences are not relevant.
In the years 20 The Humanist Imagination following his death in 1804, Enlightenment rationalism lost much of its hold on a still-forming modern mind. A “counter-Enlightenment” gave prominence to very different ideas. Johann Gottfried Herder and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel found moral worth and historical significance in the shared consciousness created by custom and history, thus adopting more organic and holistic ways of thinking. Resisting atomistic conceptions of man and society, they objected to the idea that individual choice is the key to social arrangements for the pursuit of individual self-interest.
A true child of the Enlightenment, Kant denied the moral worth of unexamined deference to tradition and received authority. 2 Enlightened people rely on their capacity for reason; for them, rationality is an intrinsic part of autonomous judgment. Autonomy and rationality sustain an ethic of moral responsibility, the choice of duty over inclination, of the desirable over the desired. Kant’s understanding of moral responsibility, however, gave insufficient weight to selfhood and authenticity. It was left to later generations to work out the existential and communitarian grounds of moral responsibility.
A Humanist Science: Values and Ideals in Social Inquiry by Philip Selznick