By David Roberts, Clayton Roberts, Douglas R. Bisson
This two-volume narrative of English historical past attracts at the newest fundamental and secondary study, encouraging scholars to interpret the complete variety of England’s social, monetary, cultural, and political past.
A historical past of britain, quantity 1 (Prehistory to 1714), specializes in crucial advancements within the heritage of britain in the course of the early 18th century. issues comprise the Viking and Norman conquests of the eleventh century, the production of the monarchy, the Reformation, and the wonderful Revolution of 1688.
Read Online or Download A History of England, Volume 1: Prehistory to 1714 (6th Edition) PDF
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Additional resources for A History of England, Volume 1: Prehistory to 1714 (6th Edition)
Every chief and every king was surrounded by a company of warriors, called by Tacitus a comitatus. These warriors, whom the Anglo-Saxons later called thegns, owed loyal service to their lord; in return, he rewarded them with treasure, arms, golden rings, great estates. When B eowulf returned from killing the monster, his king, Hygelac, rewarded him with land, a hall, and high office. A kingdom’s very existence depended on the ability of its king to win battles and thereby to find the treasure and land with which to reward his followers.
When in the eleventh century the ealdorman came to govern several shires, the duty of presiding over the shire court fell to another royal official, the shire-reeve, or sheriff. The sheriff became the vital link between the king and Anglo-Saxon England: 450–1066 the local courts, for his bailiff presided over the hundred court. The origin of the hundred as a division of the shire is obscure. Eventually, however, the hundred court became the ordinary criminal court of the land, meeting every four weeks, in the open air, to punish cattle thieves or witness the sale of land.
The importance of the kindred in law, rather than the lord, and the tenacity with which the custom of the manor was observed also suggest that there had been a time when lordship was less powerful. The theory that best accounts for all these facts is a twofold one: Farmers dependent on a lord settled in some parts of England, while farmers who owed allegiance only to a king settled in other parts. Freedom was especially characteristic of the Danelaw, where the Anglo-Saxon England: 450–1066 Scandinavian farmer, though subject to personal lordship, enjoyed freedom of tenure on the land.
A History of England, Volume 1: Prehistory to 1714 (6th Edition) by David Roberts, Clayton Roberts, Douglas R. Bisson