New PDF release: A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating advent bargains a ancient exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technological know-how. With concise profiles offering the most important philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this publication, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by way of philosophers and scientists in regards to the right review of technology.

This new version accommodates modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with contemporary paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over medical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative process, this paintings is the fitting introductory quantity.

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Ockham maintained that, in the ideal case, knowledge of an aptitudinal union can be established on the basis of just one observed association. He noted, though, that in such a case one would have to be certain that all other possible causes of the effect in question are absent. He observed that in practice it is difficult to determine whether two sets of circumstances differ in one respect only. 9 Evaluation of Competing Explanations Grosseteste and Roger Bacon, in addition to restating Aristotle’s inductive– deductive pattern of scientific inquiry, also made original contributions to the problem of evaluating competing explanations.

1 2 * Neptune’s position in its orbit at the time of discovery was such that the over-estimation of its distance from the sun did not greatly affect the accuracy of the prediction of its position against the background stars. 7 The Seventeenth-Century Attack on Aristotelian Philosophy I. Galileo The Pythagorean Orientation and the Demarcation of Physics 47 Theory of Scientific Procedure The Method of Resolution The Method of Composition Experimental Confirmation 48 49 49 50 The Ideal of Deductive Systematization 53 Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) was born at Pisa, of noble but impoverished parents.

One consequence of Galileo’s demarcation of physics is that the motions of bodies are described with respect to a system of coordinates in space. Galileo replaced Aristotle’s qualitatively differentiated space by a quantitatively differentiated geometrical space. But his break with the qualitatively differentiated space of the Aristotelian universe was never complete. 2 Although subsequently he sought  the c17th attack on aristotelian philosophy to exclude interpretations in terms of “natural places” from physics, he remained committed throughout his life to the doctrine that only circular motion is suited to celestial bodies.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

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