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By HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM

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Extra resources for A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP

Example text

3. kap-í e maač'- í e ‘birds’ ‘women’ Tone-accent Like other Ometo varieties for which there exist descriptions, such as Wolaitta (Azeb, 1996), Zayse (Hayward, 1990) and Gamo (Hayward, 1994), Haro is a toneaccent language, in which a high tone occurs only once per simple word. As Hayward (1999:231) states, in such languages [P]rominence is regarded as cumulative or syntagmatic, as the pitch melody of a sentence is almost entirely predicable from a knowledge of the pitch properties of the words of which it is composed.

2 respectively). In order to occur as a phonological word, they need to attach in to another phonological word, a head noun, which hosts them. When occurring without a head, the clitics occur attached to other special affixal elements, which serve as a place holding element for the omitted head noun (see the discussions in chapter four and six). The clitics in Haro are proclitic. This property suggests that they are not affixal elements since all affixes in Haro are suffixes but not prefixes. It is also the case in Haro that a grammatical word may consist of more than one phonological word.

Examination on predictability of the association between a TV and a noun stem will be made. Stability of TVs in the process of suffixation will be investigated. For ease of presentation, discussions concerning the issue of TVs in the Ometo group that involve comparative data is dealt with separately in Part II, Chapter One. In what follows, we examine the situation in Haro. Of the five phonemic vowels, four are attested as TVs of nouns in Haro. Ordered on their frequency of occurrence, the four TVs are -a,- e,-o and -i..

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A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP by HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM


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